If you want to know in person as these schools that operated in Cusco, we invite you to visit the Qorichaska Hostal in Cusco , where our travel experts will arrange a pleasant and enjoyable stay in the city of Cusco and sharing all this knowledge with other travelers that as you seek to learn more from the Peruvian culture.
In Inca times was an institution to transmit knowledge level Tahuantisuyo and its headquarters was of course in the capital in Cusco , where teachers trasuntaban his knowledge was called Yachayhuasi which literally translates as HOUSE OF KNOWLEDGE
Manco Capac, and his line , sent by his father the Sun God , began mass education in the valley of Cusco, the dilapidated area residents ; taught new agricultural techniques , new urban canons techniques in metallurgy, textile – estuary . architecture, etc. , a new order of things was established and a new political system was inaugurated , the largest body of knowledge , even simple civility rules favorably surprised the tribes that inhabited the valley , and in this way , the founder empire , is also regarded as the first teacher in the empire .
But the school itself , in terms of education center , was created and instituted by Inca Roca, the ruler who founded officially yachay huasi. Is chronicler Father Blas Valera (whom we know through Garcilaso) who advises schools on the “Royal City of Cuzco ” so amautas teach science which reached , the Inca prince and his royal blood and nobles of the empire , says the illustrious Jesuit mestizo , to look at the laws and interpret them know , that they might come to know the gift rule , it should do more urban , were of greater industry , from recognizing the military art, and times, and years quipu , and talk with ornament and elegant and also knew to raise their children and run their households . From the same source we know that dead Inca Wiraqocha or Viracocha , was succeeded by his son Pachacuti ” the reformer ” that ennobled and enlarged with great honors and favors schools founded by Inca Roca , increased the number of teachers , and among many provisions established in the language schools of Cusco teach the children of foreign chiefs.
Martin de Murua says that the Incas were in Cusco, a “School Boys ” under the direction of an old elder plenty of rest , where the children of the Cuzco nobility , learned arts and letters and much knowledge. Teachers were four, and four years of study , the first year the Inca language ” quees desta cibdad Cuzco ” who were not natives of it , that is to the chiefs and sons of the nations incorporated into the empire was taught, and being oblivious to Cusco, had different language, but to be immersed in the tahuantinsuyana administration, should dominate the Quechua. In the second year of studies , he spent another teacher , who taught them everything about the Inca religion . In the third year of study , students spent a third teacher, who taught knowledge of the quipu , this is ” read and write ” by the conventional technique and knowledge of the strings , colors , thickness and arrangement, quipu ” that cared much for things of his rule and authority ” to say the chronicler . The fourth and final year , Murua says :
” learned in the same twine and trances many war stories that happened in the past, and said tesserae in the general language of Inga , because they were skilled , and teachers told them many times to memory to them was left to the the disciples also in it, and then talk contábanlas referíanlas and … ” .
As for punishments to students and teachers, the same father Murua says boys studying in school, were very well treated and also teachers , the teacher could not punish his will to the boys, had limited jurisdiction I could just whip up once and not in
buttocks but the soles of the feet. And if the teacher propinaba more than ten lashes , and more than once a day, the Inca punished him cruelly cut at least sent you ! right hand. Acquiring mostly occupied these young ! major responsibilities and duties of war. One of those officials was | he called the Tucuy – rtcuc ( all-seeing , in Castilian ) was also quipu – camayuc (expert in quipu ) , was over the observer and Inca accountant and treasurer of this camera is brand huasi He called Capac which means ” rich Room ” .
Hostal Qorichaska is a colonial style house located in an old neighborhood in the historic center of the city of Cusco , about 3 blocks from the main square, this colonial building has a 300 years old and features authentic stone arquearías this well restored and preserved perfectly .
If you are ready to make your reservation here